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What is Bioscience?

Bioscience is the exploration of living organisms and their interactions with the environment, encompassing fields like genetics, microbiology, and ecology. It's a realm where breakthroughs in health, agriculture, and sustainability are born. By understanding life's complexities, we unlock solutions to some of our planet's most pressing challenges. Ready to explore how bioscience is shaping our future? Join us on this journey.
Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Bioscience is the branch of the sciences concerned with living organisms, from microorganisms to towering trees and gigantic whales. Within this incredibly broad branch of the sciences, there are a number of smaller branches focused on specific issues which pertain to living organisms. Biochemistry, for example, is concerned with the chemistry of life, while botanists study plants exclusively.

This branch of the sciences developed into a serious line of scientific inquiry in the 19th century, when people began to explore the natural world from a scientific perspective. However, people have been studying and practicing bioscience for centuries. When early humans selectively bred plants to produce larger and more consistent crops, for example, they were engaging in food science, a subset of bioscience. Likewise, when humans first started domesticating animals and learning about how to breed for desirable traits, they were involved in an early form of zoology.

Biochemists conduct research in bioscience to isolate cells.
Biochemists conduct research in bioscience to isolate cells.

Bioscientists study things like the nature of living organisms, their behavior, their evolutionary history, and their potential uses. Depending on the subset of bioscience a researcher is involved with, he or she may spend a lot of time at the laboratory bench probing into things like the chemical composition of living organisms, or time in the field studying wild animals in situ.

Bioscientists study living organisms of all sizes, including animals.
Bioscientists study living organisms of all sizes, including animals.

A bioscientist can be described by the type of organisms studied, as in the case with zoologists, botanists, and microbiologists. Bioscience also intersects with a number of other scientific branches, such as chemistry and physics, in which case researchers are known as biochemists and biophysicists respectively. Bioscientists also study things like history, the cultural impact of living organisms, ecology, and sustainability.

Biochemistry is concerned with the chemistry of life.
Biochemistry is concerned with the chemistry of life.

This branch of scientific inquiry is extremely important. Bioscience is the foundation of many other schools of scientific inquiry, ranging from medicine to agronomy, and new discoveries in this field are being made every day. Thanks to the abundant diversity of life on Earth, there is always more to learn in the world of bioscience.

You may hear bioscience described as “biology” or “life science,” referencing the fact that the focus is living organisms, both large and small. People who work in this field typically have extensive education in the sciences, with additional study in the field they have chosen. A paleobotanist, for example, studies fossilized plant remnants and other evidence which can be used to construct a timeline of plant evolution, so he or she may have studied archaeology, chemistry, and geology in addition to botany.

Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a AllTheScience researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

Learn more...
Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a AllTheScience researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

Learn more...

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Discussion Comments

anon154338

Thanks for this. It was clear and to the point. It was just the right information. So thanks again.

anon153597

thank you so much S.E Smith. this was very helpful.

anon153192

this really helped me. I'm so thankful for whoever wrote this.

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    • Biochemists conduct research in bioscience to isolate cells.
      By: RTimages
      Biochemists conduct research in bioscience to isolate cells.
    • Bioscientists study living organisms of all sizes, including animals.
      By: Mila Supynska
      Bioscientists study living organisms of all sizes, including animals.
    • Biochemistry is concerned with the chemistry of life.
      By: Gerhard Seybert
      Biochemistry is concerned with the chemistry of life.
    • There are many science fields that classify as bioscience.
      By: Andres Rodriguez
      There are many science fields that classify as bioscience.
    • Botanists can be considered a type of bioscientist that studies the biology of plants.
      By: shotsstudio
      Botanists can be considered a type of bioscientist that studies the biology of plants.