Food and nutrition science is a field of study that involves multiple scientific disciplines, all related to the main study of food and how its different components interact with each other, and the living body. The science involved in food production can be quite extensive. It can be anywhere from powdered supplements to vitamins and even organically grown food. This is especially true when talking about hybrid crops, such as genetically modified organisms (GMOs), and even foods that undergo substantial processing to become an entirely different product, like many cereals. It also includes green foods, which are slowly becoming a staple in some houses nowadays because of their effectiveness and convenience.
Those involved in food and nutrition science must have knowledge of several different scientific fields including chemistry, biology, and nutrition. Together, all of the principles learned in these areas will be used in a food scientist's work. Without a complete background in these fields, food and nutrition science cannot be fully understood. Therefore, as a prerequisite, students interested in this field must have a basic understanding of these other scientific fields of study. Food and nutrition experts work hand in hand to make sure that everyone has access to quality food in a way that's safe and sustainable.
For example, in order to understand how acidic or alkaline foods will affect the body, it is first necessary to understand what acid and alkalinity are, and how the human body handles these foods. It is known that blood is slightly alkaline, having a pH between 7.35 and 7.45. Therefore, trying to balance foods in this level will provide the most natural intake possible for the body. Those individuals who do not have a pH-balanced diet will put pressure on the body to regulate the pH on its own, which could lead to health problems and general fatigue, as the body works to do things that would otherwise be done through proper diet. This is a special consideration when formulating supplements whether in tablet or powder form, because ease of incorporation into one's diet contributes to the success of a certain product. This highlights the importance of food and nutrition science when crafting new dietary plans. Knowledge in how food affects the body is a great way to get guidance regarding health and diets.
Food scientists are also responsible for researching and developing new foods. This includes natural supplements, juices, vitamins, and other products that can help people lead longer and more productive lives. Just as with the alkaline versus acidity issue, there are hundreds of other interactions that must be taken into account with food and nutrition science. Looking at the chemistry of a new product, and running tests on its interaction with other chemicals can be very important. While some ingredients may be seemingly inert by themselves, they could become very potent, and even dangerous, if mixed in the wrong formula. This is why before consuming green foods or new supplements on the market, you need to research on whether these products have been subjected to quality control by experts like nutritionists.
Nutritionists and food scientists usually test nutritional supplements, such as green powders. The best greens powder should have good reviews from accredited medical associations. You should avoid nutritional supplements that have not been endorsed by medical professionals. Many companies make low-quality supplements with caffeine, amphetamines, and artificial sweeteners. Reliable supplements should be approved by doctors and developed using evidence-based knowledge of human biology. You can look at a product’s packaging or research the brand online to determine what medical professionals say about it.
Students interested in a career in food and nutrition science will take courses in the basic sciences, as well as advanced courses in many different food areas. Common courses for students, in addition to the basics, are food safety, food engineering, human nutrition and microbiology. Upon graduation, many food science jobs can be found with food processors and with government agencies, such as the Food & Drug Administration.
Nutritionists and dietitians are everywhere across the United States, and Orlando is no exception. In this bustling city known for its vibrant lifestyle, the expertise of dedicated nutrition professionals becomes even more crucial. With a focus on promoting health and wellness through personalized nutrition plans, nutritionists in Orlando play a pivotal role in guiding residents towards a healthier and more balanced lifestyle.