We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What Are the Properties of Ethanol?

Helen Akers
Updated May 21, 2024
Our promise to you
All The Science is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At All The Science, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

The two main chemical properties of ethanol are alcohol and water. Ethanol is considered to be 95 percent alcohol. The chemical contains about 5 percent water. Properties of ethanol vary slightly according to its intended use.

When ethanol is created for commercial use, it is not made by fermentation. The chemical properties of ethanol include a substance called ethene. As an element, it is officially known as C2H4. Ethanol that is used in gasoline and other commercial substances involves mixing ethene with steam (H2O).

As the evaporated water mixes with ethene, it forms a chemical property that is called C2H5OH. This substance is one of the types of manufactured ethanol. The other type of ethanol is used in food products.

Chemical properties of ethanol that are used in food differ from those in commercial forms since they are created through fermentation. Sugars and yeast are mixed together to form the substance. Sucrose gets converted into glucose and fructose by yeast's naturally occurring enzymes. The yeast and sucrose mixture is heated in order to accomplish this, with final properties consisting of ethanol and carbon dioxide.

Ethanol has a boiling point of 1436 ° Fahrenheit (780 ° Celsius). Its melting point is -2038 ° Fahrenheit (-1150 ° Celsius). The chemical compound is considered to a clear liquid. In terms of other physical properties of ethanol, its aroma or smell is slight and appealing.

If ethanol is heated, it changes its chemical makeup. The substance is transformed into two separate properties. Those properties include carbon dioxide or 2CO2 and steam, which is expressed as 3H2O.

When ethanol is oxidized, it can change into two different chemical compounds. The first is ethanal or acetaldehyde. Ethanoic acid is a second possible compound if ethanal is oxidized further. This compound is also known as acetic acid.

A third type of ethanol compound that is formed is ethylene. It is created through a dehydration process. Sulphuric acid is combined with the ethanol and put in temperatures that exceed 284 ° Fahrenheit (140 ° Celsius).

As a substance, ethanol can be chemically converted into several forms of chloride and esters. It has the ability to form oxygen and hydrogen atoms when it reacts with high temperatures. When mixed with sodium at room temperature, it forms sodium ethoxide.

Ethanol is often used to make acetaldehyde and acetic acid. It is commonly used to make alcoholic beverages, especially those that are almost pure alcohol. Commercially the substance is used to make alternative vehicle fuel and as an additive in regular gasoline. Ethanol is used in many substances, including paint, varnish and thermometer fluid.

All The Science is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Helen Akers
By Helen Akers
Helen Akers, a talented writer with a passion for making a difference, brings a unique perspective to her work. With a background in creative writing, she crafts compelling stories and content to inspire and challenge readers, showcasing her commitment to qualitative impact and service to others.
Discussion Comments
Helen Akers
Helen Akers
Helen Akers, a talented writer with a passion for making a difference, brings a unique perspective to her work. With a...
Learn more
All The Science, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

All The Science, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.